Mexican women more affected by COVID-19 crisis than men
According to the Inegi, women do 76.4% of the total of housework and care
The containment measures against the coronavirus COVID-19 disproportionately affect Mexican women, who carry three times the domestic and care tasks, and work in a greater proportion in the sectors most affected by the crisis .
Feminists asked the Mexican government to include a gender perspective in the policies of staying at home and caring for vulnerable groups, since women do 76.4% of all domestic work and care , according to the National Institute of Statistics and Geography ( Inegi ).
This is the case of María Eugenia Licona, who lives in Mexico City with her husband and her 26-year-old son, on whose wages she depends now that she has lost her income due to the economic crisis caused by the coronavirus.
"I do handicrafts and then all that ends because there is not always and right now with this less. Then we just dedicate ourselves to the salary of both of them. But we have to help each other, somehow," he told Efe.The pandemic has immediate effects in sectors with more working women , since they represent 57.47% of the retail sales workforce and 59.31% in lodging, food and beverage preparation services, according to the Inegi.
Furthermore, they are more exposed to the emergency as they constitute 67.71% of health and social assistance workers .
Added to this is the precariousness they suffer in Latin America, where there are 126 million women in informality and 75% of people are in the first line of health care or care against the disease, María Noel Vaeza, regional director, informed Efe from UN Women.That is why in Mexico , where the female informality rate is 57%, there are women who resist staying at home , such as Lizeth Galván, who has a food stall in the center of the Mexican capital where she also cares for other minor relatives. of age who no longer attend classes due to the contingency.
"It is fine because they are measures that must be taken, but we who are merchants do not have support. So we have no way to survive because we go out day by day to look for sustenance," he told Efe.
In declaring the start of phase 2 of the coronavirus epidemic, President Andrés Manuel López Obrador caused controversy by suggesting that women are more responsible for the care of their relatives than men.
"It is a fact, it is known that especially daughters take care of fathers. Men can be more detached, but daughters are always aware of their mothers, their fathers," said the President at his press conference on Tuesday, adding that Mexico has "therefore millions of nurses".Bárbara González, a political scientist from the Mujeres + Mujeres group, criticized López Obrador's statements, demanding actions that address the overload of unpaid work and the economic impact that COVID-19 will cause on Mexican women.
"Yes, this is the reality in Mexico, but it is not a reality that must be normalized by the State. And if we are seeing that the crisis is going to exacerbate this inequality, this disparity, then what we would expect from the Government are measures that mitigate the impact, "he said in an interview.
The coronavirus crisis intensified days after the historic days of March 8 and 9 , when millions of Mexicans marched and undertook a national strike to demand equality policies from the public and private sectors.
González argued that the health emergency does not erase their demands, but rather maintains them in force as more flexibility policies such as child and family care are necessary more than ever."We will continue to insist that the gender perspective and the differentiated impact be considered in dealing with the crisis. The truth is that we are not seeing it in the private sector either, but if there is no government guide, what can we expect from the sector? private? "he said.
The activist acknowledged that, after the López Obrador controversy, the National Institute for Women participated in the press conference of the Ministry of Health to report on actions against male violence in homes, which could increase with the quarantine.
But she asked that the inclusion of women be at all levels and areas of the Government.
"We want to listen and we want representation. It is not enough to say 'well, we are going to give you a conference,'" he concluded.
Google translation from Informador.