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Mexico enters phase 2 through COVID-19


Hugo López-Gatell warned that the epidemic could last in the country for at least 12 weeks, which was what happened in China

The undersecretary of Prevention and Health Promotion, Hugo López-Gatell Ramírez, pointed out that Mexico entered phase 2 of the coronavirus contingency, that is, that of community dispersion. Yesterday Monday, the WHO placed Mexico within the countries with cases of local transmission .

Over the weekend, COVID-19 cases rose significantly in the country and basic education classes were canceled, a measure that seeks to avoid crowds. Similarly, the authorities suggest using "healthy distance" or "social distancing" in the midst of the epidemic.

Previously, López-Gatell Ramírez, commented that the epidemic can last in the country, at least 12 weeks, which was what lasted in China, so he called to remain calm, to follow preventive measures such as frequent hand washing , etiquette greeting, not attending mass concentration events and avoiding the spread of rumors .

"We want to formally declare the start of Phase 2," said the undersecretary, who noted that this will allow them to chart the horizon for the next 30 or 40 days.

He stressed that thanks to the anticipated measures taken by the federal government, such as the cancellation of massive events and suspension of classes, he will be able to "bend the curve" and have fewer infections.

So far, the federal government, through the Ministry of Health and the General Directorate of Epidemiology, has determined three phases in the contingency for the COVID-19 or coronavirus.

Import phase

Being in phase 1 of the contingency represents that "dozens" of cases have occurred in the country and that these are imported, that is to say that the people who became ill traveled abroad where they acquired the disease.

At this point, it is possible to detect the origin of the contagion and there are no restrictions either for greeting people or for holding public events in closed or open spaces. Information is disseminated in schools and universities, as well as workspaces.

Community dispersal phase

The second phase is that of Community Dispersion and it is in which countries such as Germany are found . In this phase, the cases are numbered in the hundreds and the origin of the infections is lost. Basically it means that people infect each other, regardless of whether or not they have left the country.

This phase could take between 40 and 50 days from the registration of the 1 case, which represents hundreds of cases.

In this phase it is asked to avoid the kiss and hug greeting; Massive events, with the attendance of more than a thousand people, are suspended in closed and open spaces such as theaters, cinemas, parks, concerts, stadiums, squares, parks and beaches .

Sanitary filters are also applied in schools and workplaces, to check the people who are entering and verify that they do not have symptoms or fever.

Epidemic phase

The third phase is the epidemic phase, which would be reached between two and three weeks after scenario 2 has been reached, when the cases already number in the thousands.

In the worst case scenario that includes the SSA for this phase, which would imply that had not implemented any measures to control the spread of the virus or attention to any sick person was given the COVID-19 infect between 0.5% and 1% the total population of the country, which could represent up to 1.2 million people .

However, under current conditions, it is expected that between 175,000 and 300,000 people could become ill. Of these people, it is estimated that the minority would require hospitalization in intensive care and that more than 70% of infected people could be asymptomatic, which means that they would only be carriers.

In this phase 3, it is also requested to avoid the kiss and hug greeting and public events are suspended, in addition to suspending classes in schools where there are active outbreaks, as well as activities in workplaces also with active outbreaks.

Google translation from Informador.

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